Urbanism

During the course of the story the way of how to properly create cities and the way of how to properly distribute space in them to obtain the greatest possible benefits, has been the main objective of important disciplines such as urbanism that through its history and development has been responsible that this objective is carried out successfully. Urban planning is the discipline that deals with the study of cities and especially of how these are organized in its urban area. It is very important to highlight their great interaction in urban planning with other important disciplines such as engineering, architecture, geography and sociology, among others equally prominent; all this with the purpose that this discipline is exerting a division or rather a much more efficient urban organization. Read additional details here: Richard Elman. Urbanism history begins in ancient and important city of Athens, with the first urban planner of history Hippodamus of Miletus, which I draw a map indicating how it should be divided and sub – divide a field for which the port of Athens had success, which until today was attributed to such a work. Another very important icon of urbanism is Nero after the fire that destroyed almost in its entirety to Rome, which decided to rebuild it with bases completely opposite to which was built on its principles, is worth mentioning that since this reconstruction, the city began its urban development, which is well recognized today. For the 15th century urban activity was one of the most important in the entire European territory, since from this era began to gestate the largest and most important metropolis recocidas today, including the aforementioned Rome and Greece.

It is very important to mention that King Felipe II performed important urbanistic studies, which wanted to apply to the new territories in the new world, however these studies were applied more to Europe itself, since since the 15th century as already stated began to produce the most impressive cities of the same continent. Today urbanism has had such high water than from makes several decades it was decided to introduce the study of this discipline professionally, because the inclusion of not only geographical aspects, but also specialties in human and environmental knowledge showed that urban development could be one of the most important disciplines to develop for the future of the new cities. It is essential to highlight some of the most important works of urbanism today, because in this way we will understand more depth what this discipline. Some good examples of urban planning are: metro and transmilenio systems of Colombia, which have meant a benefit to navigate more quickly and comfortably by long journeys from Earth, not to mention that at the same time these are very environmentally friendly and safe for each of their cities. Cities such as Putrajaya, Frankfurt and the artificial island Burj al Arab, which have shown to the world the excellent works of urban planning due to its outstanding organization and architecture.

Schaeffler Wants 8000 Points

(Online article) – order slump as a result of the auto crisis Schaeffler forcing the embattled auto suppliers to drastic cuts. Herzogenaurach – after months of short work, which order recessions were cushioned, the Franconian company now threatens layoffs in a big way. In Germany alone, the company wants to cut around 5,000 jobs, learned the Deutsche Presse-Agentur dpa on Friday from business circles. Worldwide, 8000 of the total 66 000 jobs should fall away accordingly. Thus the German locations, where about 28 000 people were employed, would be disproportionately affected by the job cuts, it said. In the environment of the company pointed out however, that Schaeffler have built already around 5000 points in the past few months abroad. A company spokesman declined to comment on Friday.

With the acquisition of rival continental, Schaeffler had wore in the summer of 2008. The Franconian bearing had to make manufacturers to more than ten billion euro debt. Superimposed were Liquidity problems of massive order slump in the car industry. The company wants to inform the General Works Council at a meeting of the Economic Committee of the plans present after the dpa information next Tuesday (May 12). On Wednesday business meetings at several locations were planned then, where the supply lines, employees wanted to explain the job reduction plans. Unless protests are to be expected. Company experts fear that the authorities cancellation of this magnitude also redundancies are no longer excluded.

10 percent downsizing can a company of this magnitude still more or less socially cushion. 5000 were but 17 percent relative to Germany. At this level it doesn’t come off without redundancies”, it said. Not surprisingly, come the massive downsizing stressed corporate related stakeholders. According to figures available so far, the Schaeffler Group will his last year’s sales of around 10 billion euros to around two million euros at least. The scrapping premium, which has a breather many car manufacturers, have not fundamentally can remedy the situation by Schaeffler. That has helped some, but on last year’s result Schaeffler does not get so, it was said. The Schaeffler – Central Works Council had already indicated the day before job cuts. Given already applied short-time working everyone can figure out, that jobs at the Schaeffler Group acute at risk, the Central Works Council Chairman Norbert Lenhard had stressed. The Councils would fight redundancies with power. Lall pointed out specific policies concerning employment. Together with the IG, the Works Council have tabled proposals metal how to prevent layoffs. Schaeffler spokesman Detlef Sieverdingbeck wanted to not comment on possible job cuts plans also on Friday. Rather, he pointed to statements by Schaeffler head Jurgen M. Geissinger by Wednesday. After that did for Gala initially the dialogue and the cooperation with employee representatives a priority. Only if this is done, the corporate governance details of any personnel actions will speak publicly. The cuts have nothing to do with the continental takeover. (AP)