Urbanism

During the course of the story the way of how to properly create cities and the way of how to properly distribute space in them to obtain the greatest possible benefits, has been the main objective of important disciplines such as urbanism that through its history and development has been responsible that this objective is carried out successfully. Urban planning is the discipline that deals with the study of cities and especially of how these are organized in its urban area. It is very important to highlight their great interaction in urban planning with other important disciplines such as engineering, architecture, geography and sociology, among others equally prominent; all this with the purpose that this discipline is exerting a division or rather a much more efficient urban organization. Urbanism history begins in ancient and important city of Athens, with the first urban planner of history Hippodamus of Miletus, which I draw a map indicating how it should be divided and sub – divide a field for which the port of Athens had success, which until today was attributed to such a work. Another very important icon of urbanism is Nero after the fire that destroyed almost in its entirety to Rome, which decided to rebuild it with bases completely opposite to which was built on its principles, is worth mentioning that since this reconstruction, the city began its urban development, which is well recognized today. For the 15th century urban activity was one of the most important in the entire European territory, since from this era began to gestate the largest and most important metropolis recocidas today, including the aforementioned Rome and Greece. It is very important to mention that King Felipe II performed important urbanistic studies, which wanted to apply to the new territories in the new world, however these studies were applied more to Europe itself, since since the 15th century as already stated began to produce the most impressive cities of the same continent.

Today urbanism has had such high water than from makes several decades it was decided to introduce the study of this discipline professionally, because the inclusion of not only geographical aspects, but also specialties in human and environmental knowledge showed that urban development could be one of the most important disciplines to develop for the future of the new cities. It is essential to highlight some of the most important works of urbanism today, because in this way we will understand more depth what this discipline. Some good examples of urban planning are: metro and transmilenio systems of Colombia, which have meant a benefit to navigate more quickly and comfortably by long journeys from Earth, not to mention that at the same time these are very environmentally friendly and safe for each of their cities. Cities such as Putrajaya, Frankfurt and the artificial island Burj al Arab, which have shown to the world the excellent works of urban planning due to its outstanding organization and architecture.